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File Oriented Approach-Advantages & Disadvantages

Advantages
Sufficient if there is no significant data sharing or complex access
Hardware and software is cheaper
No management required for data authorization check
Simple processing
No special training required
Data integrity not required; needs special attention.

Disadvantages
Data redundancy
Program/data dependency: if one field is added to master file, then all programs using it must be changed
Lack of flexibility
Limited queries